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Sound and independent information
on the environment

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Policy Document EC, Energy efficiency measures
Reducing energy consumption and eliminating energy wastage are among the main goals of the European Union (EU). EU support for improving energy efficiency will prove decisive for competitiveness, security of supply and for meeting the commitments on climate change made under the Kyoto Protocol.
Located in Environmental policy document catalogue
Figure Total energy intensity, EU-25
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Total energy intensity, relative energy intensity (as PPS) and per capita consumption
Total energy intensity (index 1995=100), relative energy intensity (as PPS) and per capita consumption
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Indicator Specification Total primary energy intensity
Total energy intensity is the ratio between the gross inland consumption of energy and Gross Domestic Product (GDP) calculated for a calendar year. The gross inland consumption of energy is calculated as the sum of the gross inland consumption of the five sources of energy: solid fuels, oil, gas, nuclear and renewable sources. To monitor trends, GDP is in constant prices to avoid the impact of inflation, base year 2005.
Located in Data and maps Indicators
Figure Total energy intensity, relative energy intensity (as PPS) and per capita consumption
Total energy intensity (index 1995=100), relative energy intensity (as PPS) and per capita consumption
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Daviz Visualization Intensity of primary energy consumption (PEC) per unit of GDP (ratio of PEC to real GDP)
Located in Data and maps Data visualisations
Indicator Assessment Final energy consumption intensity (ENER 021) - Assessment published Sep 2010
Economic growth continues to entail less final energy consumption within the EU-27 economy. The final energy consumption intensity decreased by 25.1 % compared to 1990. However, this improvement has not been sufficient to prevent total final energy consumption from rising. Decoupling of growth from final energy consumption was most successful in the services and agriculture sector (-29.5 %) and in the industry (-29.4 %). In the transport sector the final energy consumption intensity decreased by 7.1 % compared to 1990. In the households sector, the final energy consumption per capita increased by 2.6 % since 1990 due to larger and more numerous dwellings, and greater ownership of electrical appliances.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Final energy consumption intensity
Indicator Assessment Total primary energy intensity (CSI 028/ENER 017) - Assessment published Sep 2010
Between 1990 and 2007, economic growth in Europe required increasing but less and less energy inputs. Total energy consumption increased until 2004 and stabilized all the way through 2006. In 2007 there was an absolute decoupling of economic growth and energy consumption, with the latter decreasing by 1.1% compared to 2006 while GDP continued to grow.  Over the period 1990-2007, GDP grew at an annual average rate of 2.2% and total energy consumption at an annual average rate of 0.5%. As a result, total energy intensity in the EU fell at an annual average rate of 1.7%.
Located in Data and maps Indicators Total primary energy intensity
Figure Greenhouse gas emissions per capita for the acceding countries and other EEA countries
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
Figure Energy consumption per employee and energy intensity in services
Unit consumption per employee is the ratio between the energy consumption (total or electricity) and the number of employees (salaries employed in full time). The energy (or electricity) intensity is the ratio between the energy (electricity) consumption and the value added expressed in constant Euros (M€2000)
Located in Data and maps Maps and graphs
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100